Generation of entanglement from mechanical rotations

by Dr. Marko Toros

University of Glasgow
at Quantum optics seminar

Wed, 22 Mar 2023, 16:00
ZOOM only


Note that the new seminar time is 16:00.

Zoom link:

Many phenomena and fundamental predictions, ranging from Hawking radiation to the early evolution of the Universe rely on the interplay between quantum mechanics and gravity or more generally, quantum mechanics in curved spacetimes. However, our understanding is hindered by the lack of experiments that actually allow us to probe quantum mechanics in curved spacetime in a repeatable and accessible way. Are there experiments we can do to start the journey towards these big questions?
In this talk we review recent experimental and theoretical results of quantum optics on rotating platforms. Such experiments can no longer be explained in a Newtonian picture of the world, but rather require the introduction of Einsteinian spacetime. Ostensibly quantum phenomena, such as entanglement, can be controlled with mechanical rotations using a coupling arising from the underlying spacetime metric. The experimental data conclusively shows that low-frequency mechanical rotations affect the bunching behaviour of photon pairs [1] as well as the symmetry of entangled states [2,3]. Furthermore, we predict the generation of entanglement even at low rotation frequencies and propose a protocol with the path-polarization degrees of freedom [4]. We conclude by discussing the prospect of testing the general relativistic frame-dragging effect and the tentative relation to Mach’s principle.
[1] Restuccia S, Toroš M, Gibson GM, Ulbricht H, Faccio D, Padgett MJ. Photon bunching in a rotating reference frame. Physical Review Letters. 2019 Sep 10;123(11):110401.
[2] Toroš M, Restuccia S, Gibson GM, Cromb M, Ulbricht H, Padgett M, Faccio D. Revealing and concealing entanglement with noninertial motion. Physical Review A. 2020 Apr 27;101(4):043837.
[3] Cromb M, Restuccia S, Gibson GM, Toroš M, Padgett MJ, Faccio D. Controlling Photon Entanglement with Mechanical Rotation. arXiv preprint arXiv:2210.05628. 2022 Oct 11.
[4] Toroš M, Cromb M, Paternostro M, Faccio D. Generation of entanglement from mechanical rotation. Physical Review Letters. 2022 Dec 21;129(26):260401.

Created on 19-03-2023 by Folman, Ron (folman)
Updaded on 19-03-2023 by Folman, Ron (folman)