Continuous Bose-Einstein condensation and superradiant clocks

by Prof. Florian Schreck

University of Amsterdam
at Quantum optics seminar

Wed, 07 Dec 2022, 15:00
ZOOM only


Zoom Link:

Ultracold quantum gases are excellent platforms for quantum simulation and sensing. So far these gases have been produced using time-sequential cooling stages and after creation they unfortunately decay through unavoidable loss processes. This limits what can be done with them. For example it becomes impossible to extract a continuous-wave atom laser, which has promising applications for precision measurement through atom interferometry [1]. I will present how we achieve continuous Bose-Einstein condensation and create condensates (BECs) that persist in a steady-state for as long as we desire. Atom loss is compensated by feeding fresh atoms from a continuously replenished thermal source into the BEC by Bose-stimulated gain [2]. Our experiment is the matter wave analog of a cw optical laser with fully reflective cavity mirrors. The only step missing to create a continuous-wave atom laser beam is the addition of a coherent atom outcoupling mechanism. In addition this BEC may give us access to interesting driven-dissipative quantum phenomena over unprecedented timescales. The techniques we developed to achieve the continuous source of thermal atoms are also nicely suited to tackle another challenge: the creation of a continuously operating superradiant clock [3,4,5,6]. These clocks promise to become more rugged and/or more short-term stable than traditional optical clocks, thereby opening new application areas. In the second part of my talk I will present how we are developing two types of superradiant clocks within the European Quantum Flagship consortium iqClock [4,5,6].

[1] N. P. Robins, P. A. Altin, J. E. Debs, and J. D. Close, Atom lasers: Production, properties and prospects for precision inertial measurement, Physics Reports 529, 265 (2013).
[2] C.-C. Chen, R. González Escudero, J. Minář, B. Pasquiou, S. Bennetts, and F. Schreck, Continuous Bose-Einstein condensation, Nature 606, 683 (2022).
[3] M. A. Norcia, New tools for precision measurement and quantum science with narrow linewidth optical transitions, PhD thesis, JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA (2018).
[4] J. Chen, Active Optical Clock, Chinese Science Bulletin 54, 348 (2009).
[5] D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, M. J. Holland, Prospects for a Millihertz-Linewidth Laser, PRL 102, 163601 (2009).
[6] H. Liu, S. B. Jäger, X. Yu, S. Touzard, A. Shankar, M. J. Holland, and T. L. Nicholson, Rugged mHz-Linewidth Superradiant Laser Driven by a Hot Atomic Beam, PRL 125, 253602 (2020).

Created on 04-12-2022 by Folman, Ron (folman)
Updaded on 04-12-2022 by Folman, Ron (folman)