Mathematical essence of aging

by Prof. Uri Alon

Dept. Of Molecular Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute Of Science
at Biological and soft-matter physics

Thu, 22 Apr 2021, 12:10
ZOOM only - Meeting ID: 874 2021 0979

Abstract

Aging of humans and other organisms shares nearly-universal features, hinting at understandability. With age, the risk of death and of many diseases rises exponentially, health differences between individuals widen, and timescales for recovery grow longer. Aging, at least in mice, seems reversible to a certain extent, as evidenced by experiments which remove damaged cells or enhance repair. These features lead to a theory of the core processes of aging using a stochastic equation for damage accumulation. In this equation, mutated stem cells give rise to damaged cells which inhibit their own removal by the immune system. We back this up with experiments on a key type of damaged cells, called senescent cells, whose removal has been shown to rejuvenate mice. The mathematical approach explains the incidence curves of age-related diseases in humans, and the scaling and dynamics of survival curves under life-span-extending interventions in model organisms. It provides mechanisms for several diseases of unknown origin. We will discuss how this approach might guide future optimal treatment for aging.

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Meeting ID: 874 2021 0979

Created on 10-03-2021 by Granek, Rony (rgranek)
Updaded on 16-04-2021 by Granek, Rony (rgranek)