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\sect{Effusion from a box with Bose gas and magnetic field}
Bosons that have mass ${m}$ and spin~1 with gyromagnetic ratio~${\gamma}$
are placed in a box. The temperature ${T}$ is below the condensation temperature.
A strong magnetic field $B$ is applied in the $z$ direction.
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A hole that has small area ${\delta A}$ is drilled in the box
so the particles can flow out. The flux is separated into 3~beams
using a Stern-Gerlach aparatus. Each beam is directed into a different container.
\begin{itemize}
\item[(a)] Write the single particle Hamiltonian.
\item[(b)] Find the velocity distribution ${F_{S_{z}}(v)}$ for ${S_{z}=-1,0,1}$.
\item[(c)] Define what does it mean a strong magnetic field, and explain why and how
it helps for the solution of the next item.
\item[(d)] Find how many particles are accumulated in each container after
time $t$.
\item[(e)] Find what would be the velocity distribution for horizontal
filtering ${S_{x}=-1,0,1}$ of the beam.
\end{itemize}
Express your answer using ${\mass, \gamma, B, \delta A, T, t}$.
In the last item assume that $F_{S_{z}}(v)$ is known,
irrespective of whether the second item has been solved.
\[
\int_{0}^{\infty}x^{3}e^{-x^{2}}dx=\frac{1}{2},\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x^{3}}{e^{x^{2}}-1}dx=\frac{\pi^{2}}{12}
\]