%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% \sect{Ideal Fermi gas in 2D space} Consider ${N}$ mass ${\mathsf {m}}$ Fermions that have spin $1/2$, that are are held in a two dimensional box that has an area~${A}$. Show that: % % $N\left(\beta,\mu\right) \ \ = \ \ A\frac{\mathsf{m}}{\pi}T \ln\left(1+e^{\frac{\mu}{T}}\right)$ % % Tip: Define ${X=e^{\beta \left(E-\mu \right)}}$ and use the integral ${\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{dx}{x\left(x+1\right)}=\ln\left(\frac{1+X_{1}}{X_{1}}\right)}$.\\ Write and explain what is the ${T=0}$ result. \\ Find the chemical potential ${\mu\left(T,N\right)}$. \\ Find the Fermi energy ${E_{F} \equiv \mu\left(T\rightarrow 0,N\right)}$. \\ Show that at low temperatures % % $\mu\left(T\right) \ \ \approx \ \ E_{F}-Te^{-\frac{E_{r}}{T}}$ Show that at high temperatures the result is consistent with the Boltzmann approximation. \\ Find ${E\left(\beta,\mu\right)}$ and ${{P}\left(\beta,\mu\right)}$ at zero temperature. \\ Derive the following results: % % $E=A\frac{\pi}{m}\frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{N}{A}\right)^{2}, \ \ \ \ \ {P}=\frac{\pi}{m}\frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{N}{A}\right)^{2}$ Clarify why at zero temperature ${{P}\propto{1}/{A^{2}}}$, while at high temperatures ${{P}\propto{1}/{A}}$.