Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

Attosecond science and nanophotonics Lab

Eugene Frumker

*Tracing and control of electronic motion in atoms, molecules, and nanostructures in space and time (4D). Progress in lightwave electronics. *Table-top XUV and soft X-ray laser-like sources. Nano-scale spatial resolution to optical science of attosecond pulses. *New dynamic imaging modalities – significantly improved spatial/temporal resolution, new contrast imaging for lifescience and nanotechnology. *And much more…

Condensed Matter Experimental

Magnetic Resonance on the single atom level

Yishay Manassen

above-silicon surface with carbide spots below tunneling junction and spin - spectrum

In the STM image shown, observed in our lab, we see some disordered white spots. The STM does not have chemical identification capability. Such chemical identification is observed macroscopically using macroscopic magnetic resonance – both of electrons and nuclei. We develop a magnetic resonance technique on the single atom level, observed via a Larmor frequency component in the tunneling current. We identify the type of atoms under the tip using their spectrum – for example the SiC hyperfine spectrum. Preliminary results showed the observation of the nuclear transitions (NMR) with the STM.

Astrophysics and Cosmology

Black Holes

Uri Keshet

Stellar trajectories around SgA*, the central black hole of the Milky Way

Black holes play a dual role in physics, both as astronomical objects routinely discovered nowadays in binaries and in galactic centers, and as basic elements in quantum gravity. The presence of a supermassive black hole in the center of our own galaxy is evident from the trajectories of stars around a small region known as SgA* (see movie). We study black holes such as the one hiding in SgA*, and their dense stellar environment.

Biological and Soft Matter Physics

Soft Matter Physics and Renewable Energy

Arik Yochelis

Simulation of self-assembled nano-structure in a model for ionic liquid

Most renewable energy devices exploit nano-scale morphologies that are paramount to large surface area, required to increase activity. However, electrical effects are often strong enough to influence the structure of active layers of those materials leading to a notorious decrease in performance. To date, theoretical studies have dealt almost exclusively with uncoupled models of self-assembly and electrokinetics. We develop novel and computationally amenable mean-field frameworks that do unify them. Our expectations are to advance devices, such as batteries, supercapacitors, and solar cells.

High-Energy Physics

Quantum gravity & quantum black holes

Ram Brustein

Quantum black hole swallows matter and evaporates quantum mechanically

Are Einstein's equations and general relativity compatible with quantum mechanics? In spite of intense efforts over the last 40 years by some of the best physicists we still do not know the answer . I study the properties of black holes and other space-times with horizons to probe the laws of quantum gravity. Based on our recent research, our proposed answer is: Yes. The apparent incompatibilities between general relativity and quantum mechanics originate from the extreme approximation of treating spacetime as a strictly classical geometric object.

Condensed Matter Theory

Electronic Transport in the Nano-Scale

Yigal Meir

The surprising emergence of a localized electronic state in a QPC, leading to the "0.7 anomaly".

As electrons are confined to smaller and smaller spaces, quantum effects and strong correlations among the electrons start to dominate the underlying physics. In this area of research we investigate how such effects influence the electronic properties of miniaturized devices, such as quantum dots (QDs) and quantum point contacts (QPCs), and how such devices can be used to enhance our understanding of quantum mechanics and many-body physics.