1.
Description
of
the
radiation
field: flux, intensity, photon occupation number. Blackbody radiation.
Brightness
temperature.
2. Opacity and emissivity. Kirchhoff law, detailed balance, Einstein
coefficients.
3. Equation of radiation transfer. Optical depth. Radiation diffusion.
4. Bremsstrahlung and free-free absorption. Thomson scattering.
5. Line spectrum and basics of atomic and molecular spectroscopy.
Ionization and recombination.
6. Radiation from relativistically moving sources. Synchrotron emission
and absorption. Inverse Compton
scattering.
7. Basics of nuclear physics: strong, weak and electromagnetic
interactions; nuclear binding energy.
8. Stellar structure. Nuclear reactions in stars. Solar neutrino. Main
sequence: pp and CNO cycles,
mass-luminosity relation. Beyond the main sequence:
helium burning and red giants.
9. Final stages of stellar evolution. Properties of degenerate matter.
Chandrasekhar limit. White dwarfs,
neutron stars, black holes.
10. Cosmic rays. Nuclear interaction of relativistic particles. CR
diffusion in the Galaxy.

References:
1. G.Rybicki
& A.Lightman. Radiative
processes
in
astrophysics
(1979)
2.
T.Padmanabhan. An invitation to astrophysics (2006)
3. R.Bowers & T.Deeming. Astrophysics, v 1,2 (1984)
4. M.Longair.
High
energy astrophysics (2011)