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Lasers, Nonlinear and Ultrafast optics

Course number: 203-2-4331
Semester: B 2019
3 points

Lecturer: Eugene Frumker

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Course Plan

  • Principles of laser operation, stimulated/spontaneous emission, rate equations, spectral line broadening.
  • Gaussian beams and resonators, laser modes, brightness, M^2, optimum coupling.
  • Fundamental limits and noise.
  • Pulsed lasers: Q-switching, mode-locking.
  • Specific laser systems: Gas, dye, solid-state, semiconductor and fiber lasers.
  • Ultrafast oscillators and amplifiers, chirped pulse amplification (CPA).
  • Ultrafast pulses, femtosecond pulse propagation, pulse shaping, carrier-envelope
  • phase (CEP) stabilization.
  • Optical nonlinearity, second harmonic generation (SHG), sum and difference
  • frequency generation, third harmonic generation (THG).
  • Kramers-Kroning Relations, wave equation for nonlinear optical media, phase matching, optical parametric amplifiers (OPA) and oscillators (OPO).
  • Nonlinear optics with focused Gaussian beams, Gouy phase.
  • Optical Kerr effect, self-phase modulation.
  • Non-linear microscopy, ultrafast pulse measurements, modern experimental techniques.
  • Extreme non-linear optics, 3-step model, high harmonic generation and attosecond science.

Prerequisites

Introductory course in Electrodinamics1 (203-1-2381)

References

  • Principles of Lasers, Orazio Svetlo; Springer; 5 ed. 2010
  • Nonlinear optics, R. Boyd; Academic Press; 3 ed. 2008
  • Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena, J. C. Dies; Academic Press; 2 ed. 2006
  • Laser Electronics, J.T. Verdeyen; Prentice Hall; 3 ed. 1995
  • Lasers, A.E. Siegman; Univ. Science Books; 1986

Course Policy

Home work: 20% magen. Exam: Written exam

Additional information