BGU Physics Department

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Prof. Shaul David Goren - group leader;
Prof. Charles Korn;
Dr. Gregory Furman;
Dr. Alexander Panich;
Dr. Alexander Shames;
Ms. Rachel Knol - Ph. D. student;
Ms. Olga Sigalov - Ph. D. student;

Reaserch Interest

Experimental and Theoretical studies in Solid State Physics, Inorganic Chemistry and Materials Science using following techniques:
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR),
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR),
Electron Magnetic Resonance (EMR), which includes Electron Paramagnetic/Spin Resonance (EPR/ESR), Ferromagnetic/Ferrimagnetic/Antiferromagnetic Resonances (FMR, AFR);

Basic studied material properties:

Low-dimensional structures
Incommensurate structures
Phase transitions
of Superconductors, Semiconductors, Intercalation Compounds, Fullerenes, Inclusion Compounds

Application Fields :

High Temperature Superconductors, Fullerenes, Magnetic Materials, Biophysical and Biochemical Labeling, Inorganic Chemistry, Chemistry of Radicals, EPR Dosimetry.

Theoretical investigations:

Topological effects in many body and nuclear spin systems, Spin lattice relaxation and diffusion processes of the Zeeman and dipolar ordering states in solids containing paramagnetic impurities, nuclear spin lattice relaxation and spin diffusion in type II high –Tc superconductors, investigation of the quantum computing using pure nuclear quadruple resonance.

Recent Publication

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich, S. Goren and G. Jung, J. Bock and S. Gauss, AC Losses in BSCCO Cylinders Operating in Inductive Current Limiter, IEEE on Appl. Superconductivity 9, 1361 (1999).

S.D. Goren, L. Frenkel Ben-Yakar, A. Shames, B. Pandyopadhayay, C. Korn, H. Shaked P. Massiot, C. Perrin, J. Gallier and A. Privalov, Can Halogen Atoms be Inserted into the YBCO System?, Physica C 313, 127 (1999).

A.M. Panich, A.R. Semenov,  G.N. Chekova, Ju.H. Krieger and S.D. Goren, 35Cl NQR Study of Incommensurate State in Thiourea - Hexachloroethan Inclusion Compound, Solid State Commun. 110, 363 (1999).

J. Dehmej, Y. Fouad, J.P. Burin, P. Peyral, J. Rosenblatt, C. Lebeau, A. Raboutou, P. Massiot, C. Perrin, C. Korn and S.D. Goren, Low Field Phenomenology and Charateristic Lengths of Hydrogen and halogen Doped YBa2Cu3O7-? Compounds, J. Low Temp. Phys. 116, 407 (1999).

V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, S. Goren and G. Jung, AC Losses in HTSC BSCCO Hollow Cylinders with Induced Current, Physica C C319, 238(1999).

G.B. Furman and S.D. Goren, The Spin-Diffusion Effect in the dipolar Ordering State,  J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 11, 4045 (1999).

G.B. Furman and S.D. Goren, Spin Diffusion and Spin-Lattice Relaxation in Pulse Spin-Locking in Solids Containing Paramagnetic Impurities, J. of Phys.: Condens. Matter 11, 8275 (1999).

G.B. Furman, S.D. Goren, a.m. Panich and A.I. Shames, Spin Diffusion and Nuclear Spin-Lattice Relaxation in Irradiated Solids: A Multiple NQR Study, Solid State Mag. Resonan 14, 145 (1999).

E.A. Katz, A.I. Shames, D. Faiman, S. Stutina, Y. Cohen, S. Goren, W. Kempinski and L. Piakara-Sadi, Do Structural Defects Affect Semiconducting Properties of Fullerne Thin Film?, Physica B274, 934 (1999).

V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, J. Bock, S. Gauss, S. Goren and G. Jung, Performace of an Inductive Fault Current Limiter Employing BSCCO Superconducting Cylinders, IEEE Trans. on Appl. Superconductivity 9, 4666 (1999).

I. Vajda, A. Szalay, N. Gobl, V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, Requirements for the Industrial Application of Superconducting Rotating Electrical Machines, IEEE Trans. on Appl. Supercond. 9, 1225 (1999).

M. Sinder, V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, I. Vajda, Penetration of Magnetic Field into High-Temperature Superconductors, IEEE Trans. on Appl. Supercond. 9, 4661 (1999).

A. M. Panich, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Fluorine-Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Graphite Fluorides, Review article. Synthetic Metals 100, 169 (1999).

W. Bensch, B. Sander, O. Helmer, C. Naäther, F. Tuczek, A. I. Shames, and A. M. Panich, Evidences for the Formation of Chromium in the Unusual Oxidation State Cr(IV): II. Magnetic Properties and Low Temperature X-ray Investigations of the Nonstoichiometric Channel Compounds TlxCr5Se8 (0 ? x ? 1), J. Solid State Chemistry 145 (1), 235 (1999).

 E. Lozinsky, V.V. Martin, T.A. Berezina, A.I. Shames, A.L. Weiss and   G.I. Likhtenshtein, Dual Fluorophore-Nitroxide Probes in Ananlysis of Vitamin C in Biological Liquids, J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods, 38, 29 (1999).

E. Rozenberg, G. Gorodetsky, J. Pelleg, A. I. Shames and I. Felner, Magnetic and Magnetoresistive Properties of Nanostructured Au-NiFe Films, J. Magnet. Magnetic Materials, 203, 102 (1999).

A. I. Shames, E. Rozenberg, G. Gorodetsky, J. Pelleg and I. Felner, Experimental ESR studies of nano-size magnetic heterogeneities in polycrystalline  La0.5Pb0.5MnO3 and La1.34Sn0.66Mn2O7, J. Magnet. Magnetic Materials, 203, 259  (1999.)

E. Tsiperman, T. Regev, J. Y. Becker, J. Bernstein, A. Ellern, V. Khodorkovsky, A. Shames and L. Shapiro, Synthesis of a Novel Rigid Tetrathiafulvalene-?-p-benzoquinone diad (TTF-??Q)  with Inherent Structural Configuration Suitable for Intramolecular Charge-transfer, Chem. Commun., 12, 1125 (1999).

G.I. Likhtenshtein, I. Adin, A. Novoselsky, A. Shames, I. Vaisbuch and R. Glaser, NMR Studies of Electrostatic Potential Distribution around Biologically Important Molecules, Biophys., J. 77, 443 (1999).

L. Guibe, A. Peneau, M. Gourdji, and A. Panich, Thiourea and Thiourea Inclusion Compounds, Z. Naturforschung 55a, 331 (2000).

A. M. Panich, and Th. Doert, Indirect nuclear exchange and electronic structure of Tl2Te3 semiconductor: 203Tl and 205Tl NMR study, Solid State Commun. 114, 371 (2000).

I. M. Panich, and T. Nakajima, Physical Properties and C-F bonding in Fluorine-Graphite Intercalation Compounds as seen by NMR, Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 340, 77 (2000).

G.B. Furman, L. Frenkel Ben-Yakar, A.I. Shames, C. Korn and S.D. Goren, Nuclear Spin- Lattice relaxation and Spin Diffusion in the mixed State of Type II Layered Superconductors, Phys. Rev. B61, 7021 (2000).

G.B. Furman, S.D. Goren, A.M. Panich and A.I. Shames, Spin Diffusion in Multiple Pulse NQR, Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 54 (2000).

G.N. Chekhova, S.D. Goren, J.H. Krieger, D. Linsky, V. Lusternik, A.M. Panich, A.R. Semanov and A. Voronel, Specific Heat and Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance of Thiourea-Hexachloroethane Inclusion Compounds, Z. Naturforsch. 55a, 335 (2000).

 G.B. Furman, S.D. Goren, A.M. Panich and A.I. Shames, Spin Diffusion in Multiple Pulse NQR, Solid State Mag. Resonan.  Sol. St. Nucl. Magn. Res, 16,.199 (2000).
I. Panich, Ju.H. Krieger, A.R. Semsnov, S.D. Goren, and G.N. Chekova, Chlorine-35 NQR and 1H NMR study of guest structure and dynamics in the thiourea- hexachloroethan inclusion compound, J. Phys. Condensed Matter 12, (2000).

Gregory B. Furman and Shaul D. Goren, Spin Diffusion of Dipolar Energy in NQR, Solid St. Nucl. Mag. Res. 16, 199 (2000).

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich, M. Gladstein, Y. Yuzhelevski, G. Jung and S. Goren, An Experimental Study of Heating Due to the AC Loss in a BSCCO Cylinder, Physica C336, 102 (2000).

J. Dehmej, J.P. Burin, P. Peyral, J. Rosenblatt, Y Fouad, C. Lebeau, A. Raboutou, P. Massiot, C. Perrin and S.D. Goren, Irreversibility Lines in Halogen-and Hydrogen-Doped YBa2Cu3O(7-?) Copmounds, J. Superconductivity 13, 357 (2000).

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich, S. Semperger, I. Vajda, High temperature Short Circuit Current Limiting Devices, Electrotehnika, 10, 364-367 (2000).

A. I. Shames, R. Nucci, S. D’Auria, F. Febbraio, C. Vaccaro, E. Lozinsky, M. Rossi and G.I. Likhtenshtein, EPR Spin Labeling Study of Conformational Transitions of ?-glycosidase from  the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Sulfolobus Solfataricus Expressed in Escherichia Coli, Appl. Magn. Res. 18, 515 (2000).

Y. Apeloig, D. Bravo-Zhivotovskii, M. Yuzefovich, M. Bendikov and A. I. Shames, Polysilyl Radicals. EPR study of the Formation and Decomposition of Star Polysilanes, Appl. Magn. Res.18, 425 (2000).

W. Kempinski, L. Piekara-Sady, E.A. Katz, A. I. Shames and S. Shtutina, C60+ Defect Centers : Effect of Rubidium Intercalation into C60 studied by EPR, Solid State Commun., 114, 173 (2000).

B. Pass and A. I. Shames, Signal Processing for Radiation Dosymetry Using EPR in Dental Enamel: Comparison of Three Methods, Radiation Measurements, 32, 163 (2000).
I. Zilbermann, J. Hayon, T. Katchalski, R.Ydgar; J. Rishpon, A. I.Shames, E. Korin and A. Bettelheim, Spectroscopic and electrochemical characterization of the interaction of nitrogen monoxide and cobalt tetrasulfonated phthalocyanine in aqueous solutions and surfactant films, Inorg. Chim. Acta  305, 53 (2000).

Wieser, A.; Mehta, K.; Amira, S.; Aragno, D.; Bercea, S.; Brik, A.; Bugai, A.; Callens, F.; Chumak, V.; Ciesielski, B.; Debuyst, R.; Dubovsky, S.; Duliu, O. G.; Fattibene, P.; Haskell, E. H.; Hayes, R. B.; Ignatiev, E. A.; Ivannikov, A.; Kirillov, V.; Kleschenko, E.; Nakamura, N.; Nather, M.; Nowak, J.; Onori, S.; Pass, B.; Pivovarov, S.; Romanyukha, A.; Scherbina, O.; Shames, A. I.; Sholom, S.; Skvortsov, V.; Stepanenko, V.; Tikounov, D. D.; Toyoda, S. The second international intercomparison on EPR tooth dosimetry, Radiation  Measurements 32, 549 (2000).

Z. Trybula, S. Los, W. Kempinski, M. Trybula, S. Shtutina,  A. I. Shames, and E.A. Katz, EPR and Dielectric study of a C70 thin film,  Karbo 45, 139 (2000).

W. Kempinski, S. Los, Z. Trybula, L. Piekara-Sady, A. I. Shames, S. Shtutina and E.A. Katz, EPR and Dielectric study of a C70 thin film, Karbo 45, 141 (2000).

S. Bittner, S. Gorohovsky, E. Lozinsky and  A. I. Shames, EPR study of anion radicals of various N-quinonyl amino acids, Amino Acids 19, 439 (2000).

R. Glaser, A. Novoselsky, A. I. Shames and  G. I.  Likhtenshtein, NMR studies of electrostatic fields around charged monosaccharides and related moleculesm, Isr. J. Chem. 40, 263 (2000).

I. M. Panich, L. A. Zemnukhova, and R. L. Davidovich, Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Study of Phase Transitions and Incommensurability in K2SbF5,   J. Phys.: Condensed Matter 13, 1609 (2001).

A. M. Panich, A. I. Shames, and T. Nakajima, On Paramagnetism in Fluorinated Graphites: ESR and Solid State NMR Study, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 959 (2001).
(Erratum: J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 63, 539 (2002)).
A. M. Panich, N. Gasanly, Indirect Nuclear Exchange Coupling and Electronic Structure of the Chain Semiconductor TlSe: A 203Tl and 205Tl NMR Study. Phys. Rev B63, 195201-1 (2001).

J.H. Krieger, A. M. Panich, and A. R. Semenov, Ultraslow motion of domain wall in channel inclusion compound studied by means of NMR cross-relaxation, Solid State Commun. 120, 69 (2001).

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich, S. Goren, and I. Vajda, Study of the Quenching Conditions in Superconducting Current Limiters,  IEEE Trans. on Appl. Supercond. 11, 2110 (2001).

A.M. Panich, S.D. Goren, L. Frenkel Ben-Yakar, M. Eder and G. Gritzner, Thallium and Lead Studies of (Tl0.5Pb0.5)(Ba0.8Sr0.2)Ca2Cu3Oy Superconductors, Physica C356, 129 (2001).

V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, S. Goren and I Vajda, AC Loss in High-Tc Bulk                      Superconductors, Physica C354, 260(2001).

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich, S.Goren, and I Vajda, Study of the Quenched Condition in Superconducting Current Limiter, IEEE Trans. on Appl. Superconductivity 11, 2110 (2001).

M. Sinder, J. Pelleg, V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, RF Heating of the Conductor Film on Silicon Substrate for Thin Film Formation, Materials Science & Engineering A302, 31 (2001).

I. Vajda, S. Semperger, T. Porjesz, A. Szalay, V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, W. Gawalek, Three Phase Inductive HTS Fault Current Limiter for the Protection of a 12 kVA Synchronous Generator, IEEE Trans. on Appl. Supercond., 11, 2515 (2001).

A.J. Moore, A.S. Batsanov, M.R. Bryce, J. Howard, V. Khodorkovsky, L. Shapiro and A. Shames, Trimethyltetrathiafulvalene bearing an N-methylpyridinium substituent: synthesis, crystal structures, and charge transfer properties, Eur. J. Org. Chem., 1, 73 (2001).

A.I. Shames, V.A. Gritsenko, R.L. Samoilova, Y.D. Tzvetkov, L.S. Braginsky and M. Roger, EPR-study of nitrogen implanted silicon nitride, Solid State Commun., 118, 129 (2001).

E. Lozinsky, A. Novoselsky, A.I. Shames, O. Saphier, G.I. Likhtenshtein and D. Meyerstein, Effect of albumin on the kinetics of ascorbate oxidation, Biochim. Biophys. Acta  1526, 53 (2001).

E. Maimon, I. Zilberman, G. Golub, A. Ellern, H. Cohen, A.I. Shames and D. Meyerstein, Comproportionation and Redox Catalysed Isomerisation of Cu(II)(1R, 4S, 8R, 11S-1,4,8,11-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacylotetradecane)2+ in Aqueous Solutions, Inorg. Chem. Acta, 324, 65 (2001).

A. I. Shames, E. Rozenberg, G. Gorodetsky, W. H.  McCarroll and M. Greenblatt, Electron magnetic resonance in doped colossal magnetoresistive manganites, Indian J. Phys., 75A, 313 (2001).

A. I. Shames, E. Rozenberg, W. H. McCarroll, M. Greenblatt  and G. Gorodetsky, Observation of magnetic inhomogeneities in crystalline doped manganites by electron magnetic resonance, Phys.  Rev. B64, 172401 (2001).

A. I. Shames, E. Rozenberg, G. Gorodetsky, W. H.  McCarroll, and M. Greenblatt, EMR Study of La0.887Na0.013Mn0.984O3 and La0.94Mn0.98O3 Single Crystal, Materials Science Forum, 373-378, 63 (2001).

V. Khodorkovsky, L. Shapiro, P.  Krief, A. Shames, G. Mabon, A. Gorgues and M. Giffard, Do ?-dimers of tetrathiafulvalene cation radicals really exist at room temperature?   Chem. Commun.,  24, 2736 (2001)  .

A. E. Alexenskii, M. V. Baidakova, A. T.Dideikin, V. Yu. Osipov, E. Osawa, M. Ozawa, A. I. Shames,  V. I. Siklitsky and  A. Ya.Vul, Effect of chemical treatment on the structure of ultradisperse diamond and onion-like carbon, AIP Conference Proceedings  590 (Nanonetwork Materials) 425 (2001).
A. I. Shames, W. Kempinski and A. Ya. Vul’, EPR of nanodiamond, Molec. Phys. Reports, 34/2, 141 (2001).

Z. Trybula, W. Kempinski, S. Los, A. I. Shames, S. Shtutina, and E.A. Katz, Electric permittivity of C60 thin film near FCC-SC phase transition, Molec. Phys. Reports, 34/2, 154  (2001).

A. I. Shames , A. Yakubovsky, V. Amelichev, O. Gorbenko and A. Kaul, Short-Range ChargeOrder Correlations in Sm1-xSrxMnO3 Near a Half-Doped Composition Revealed by EPR, Solid State Commun. 121, 103 (2002).

V. Markovich, E. Rozenberg, A. I. Shames, G. Gorodetsky, I. Fita, K. Suzuki, R. Puzniak, D. A. Shulyatev and Ya. M. Mukovskii, Magnetic, transport and ferromagnetic resonance properties of La0.82Ca0.18MnO3 single crystal, Phys.  Rev. B65, 144402 (2002).

D. Bravo-Zhivotovskii, M. Yuzefovich, N. Sigal, G. Korogodsky, K. Klinkhammer, B. Tumanskii, A. Shames, and Y. Apeloig, The synthesis of the first compound with Li-Si-Hg bonding: [{Li(iPr3Si)2Si}2Hg]-a Source for the [Li(iPr3Si)2Si]?radical, Angewandte Chemie, Int. Ed., 41, 649 (2002).

A. I. Shames, E. Rozenberg, G. Gorodetsky, A.A. Arsenov, D.A. Shulyatev, Ya.M. Mukovskii, A. Gedanken and G. Pang, EMR studies of magnetic inhomogeneities in crystalline and nano-sized powders of La1-xSrxMnO3, J. Appl. Phys., (in press)

A. I. Shames, V. Markovich, E. Rozenberg, G. Gorodetsky, A. Yakubovsky, C. Martin, A. Maignan, M. Hervieu and B. Raveau, Electron Magnetic Resonance and Pressure Studies of  Sm0.2Ca0.8Mn1-xRuxO3  Ceramics,  J. Magnet. Magnetic Materials (in press).

A. I. Shames, E.A. Katz, S. Shtutina, W. Kempi?ski, S. ?o? and L. Piekara-Sady, Oxygen Dependent Evolution of C60+ EPR Signal in Fullerene Thin Films, Proceedings of APES (in press).

A. I. Shames, A.Yu. Yakubovsky, S. V. Gudenko, Magnetic Phase Separation in La1-xCaxMnO3 Near Half-Doped Composition Observed by EMR, Proceedings of APES (in press)

 V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, M. Gladstein, S. Shtutina, Quench Development in Thin Inhomogeneous HTS Film on Sapphire Substrate, Physica C366, 291 (2002).

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich, M. Gladstein, I. Vajda, Behavior of an Inhomogeneous HTS Film in the Regime of a Resistive Current Limiter, Physica C (in press).

I. Vajda, Z. Kohari, T. Porjesz, L. Benko, V. Meerovich, V. Sokolovsky, W. Gawalek, Operation Characteristics of Energy Storage HTS Flywheels Considering of Time Dependent Processes, Physica C (in press).

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich, I. Vajda, Self-oscillations in Electrical Circuit with High Temperature, Superconductors Journal of JSAEM (in press).

A. M. Panich, A. I. Shames, and H. Selig, 19F NMR and EPR Study of Fluorinated Buckminsterfullerene C60F58,   J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 483 (2002).

A. M. Panich, P. K. Ummat, and W. R. Datars, NMR Study of Acceptor Doped Fullerenes (MF6)2C60 (M=As, Sb), Solid State Commun. 121, 6 (2002).

A. M. Panich, and S. Kashida, Thallium NMR Study of the Chain Semiconductor TlS   Physica B (in press).

A. M. Panich, J. H. Krieger, A. R. Semenov, and G. N. Chekhova, NMR cross-relaxation study of ultraslow motion of the domain wall in channel inclusion compounds, Z. Naturforsch.(in press).

Panich A. M., Zemnukhova L. A., and  Davidovich R. L., Incommensurability and Domain Structure of K2SbF5, Z. Naturforsch.(in press).

A. I. Shames, A. M. Panich, W. Kempi?ski, A. E. Alexenskii, M.V. Baidakova, A.T. Dideikin, V. Yu. Osipov, V. I. Siklitski, E. Osawa, M. Ozawa and A. Ya. Vul’, Defects and impurities in nanodiamonds: EPR, NMR and TEM study, J. Phys. Chem. Solids (in press).

G B Furman and S.D.Goren, NMR detection of the nuclear spins near paramagnetic
impurities in solids, J. Phys. Condensed Matter (in press).

Chapters in Books

V. Sokolovsky, V. Meerovich ,AC Losses in Bulk High Temperature Superconductors Invited chapter for the book “Studies of High –Temperature Superconductors”, vol. 32, Ed. A. Narlikar, 2000, Nova Science Publisher, Inc., New York, pp. 79-124.